Workers costing less than rupees 20 000 are treated as – minor project

The cost of project is more than 100000

Railway projects are treated as – heavy construction

Residential building are treated as – light construction

Power station are generally treated as – industrial construction

The first stage of construction is – initiation of proposal

Construction team means – an engineer and architect and owner and contractor

Modular coordination of construction means proper – planning designing Execution

Military organisation is known as line Organisation

Frederick w Taylor introduced a system of working known as functional organization

The most popular type of organisation used for Civil Engineering construction is – line Organisation

Final technical authority of project its with – chief engineer

An Executive  engineer may have powers up to rupees 25000

Overall in charge of an organisation at the site responsible for the Execution of the work is  Engineer

Site order book is used for recording – instruction by the Executive engineers

Various activities of projects are shown on bar charts by horizontal lines

Milestone chart were invented in the year of 1940

Bar charts are suitable for minor works

The first method invented for planning projects was bar chart method

PERT analysis is based on – time

The performance of a specific task in CPM is known as – activity

Completion of an activity on CPM network diagram generally known as event node connector

An event is indicated on the network by a number enclosed in – A circle, A square, a triangle, an ellipse

The artificial activity which indicates that an activity following it cannot be started unless the preceding activity is complete is known as- dummy

The estimated time required to perform an activity is known as duration

The difference between the time available to do a job and the time required to do the job is known as float

The critical activity has – zero float

Completion of a project the critical path the network represents minimum time.

Critical path lies along the activities having total float

The time which results in the least possible construction cost of an activity is known as Slow time

The technique for establishing and maintaining priorities among the various jobs of project is known as Critical ratio scheduling

The pictorial  representation of activities and event of a project is known as – net work

The flow of time in network is generally – from left to right

Bar chart is also known as cancer gantt chart

An activity required time and resources

The drawback of the bar chart is that sequence of activity is not clearly defined

Henary Gantt developed the bar chart technique around 1900

Milestone chart are developed around – 1940

The occurrence of the completion of an activity is called its – head event

Occurrence of the starting of an activity is called its – tail event

A dual role event is any event other than – the initial and final event

Dummy activity does not require – any resource or anytime

if the path of activities leads back into itself the resulting error in the network is known as – looping

IN PERT the critical path represents the – longest path of the network from the initial to final event

higher standard deviations means – higher uncertainty

Slack is given as a difference between latest allowable time and earliest expected time

Negative slack indicates – ahead of schedule condition

For all the events along the critical path the slack is – minimum or zero

 if the probability factor is zero the changes of completing the project in schedule time Are – 50 %

 Interfering float is the difference between – total float and free float

Negative float for any activity means that the activity is – super-critical

zero Float for any activity means that the activity is – critical

Positive float for any activity means that the activity is –  sub-critical

The total float for any activity along the critical path in CPM is – zero

Direct cost of a project is due to – cost of materials and wages of a labour

 total project cost – initially reduce and then increase with increase in time

The total cost vs time curve is – u shaped curve

Crashing to the project means – reducing the time of completion by a spending more  resource

Resource smoothing means – adjustment of resource to have the least variation

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